HealthStream Announces First Quarter 2023 Results

NASHVILLE, Tenn.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–HealthStream, Inc. (the “Company”) (Nasdaq: HSTM), a leading healthcare technology platform for workforce solutions, announced today results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2023.

First Quarter 2023

Revenues of $68.9 million in the first quarter of 2023, up 5% from $65.4 million in the first quarter of 2022

Operating income of $2.9 million in the first quarter of 2023, down 28% from $4.0 million in the first quarter of 2022, which comparison was negatively impacted by a $1.0 million severance charge in the first quarter of 2023 associated with the restructuring of HealthStream’s business under a single platform strategy, as further discussed below

Net income of $2.6 million in the first quarter of 2023, down 9% from $2.9 million in the first quarter of 2022, which comparison was negatively impacted in the amount of $0.8 million by the severance charge in the first quarter of 2023 associated with HealthStream’s restructuring referenced above

Earnings per share (EPS) of $0.09 per share (diluted) in both the first quarters of 2023 and 2022, which comparison was negatively impacted in the amount of $0.03 per share (diluted) by the severance charge in the first quarter of 2023 associated with HealthStream’s restructuring referenced above

Adjusted EBITDA1 of $13.7 million in the first quarter of 2023, down 2% from $14.0 million in the first quarter of 2022, which comparison was negatively impacted by the $1.0 million severance charge in the first quarter of 2023 associated with HealthStream’s restructuring referenced above

Board of Directors declared first quarterly cash dividend of $0.025 per share, payable on April 28, 2023 to holders of record on April 17, 2023

1 Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income and disclosure regarding why we believe adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors is included later in this release.

Second Quarter 2023 Event

Board of Directors declared second quarterly cash dividend of $0.025 per share, payable on June 23, 2023 to holders of record on June 12, 2023

Financial Results:

First Quarter 2023 Compared to First Quarter 2022

Revenues for the first quarter of 2023 increased by $3.5 million, or five percent, to $68.9 million, compared to $65.4 million for the first quarter of 2022. The revenue growth was attributable to growth in several product categories, including contributions from our recent acquisitions. Subscription revenues increased $3.9 million, or six percent, but were partially offset by $0.4 million of declines from professional services revenues.

Operating income was $2.9 million for the first quarter of 2023, down 28 percent from $4.0 million in the first quarter of 2022. The decline in operating income was primarily attributable to higher operating expenses, inclusive of higher personnel costs, including severance charges of approximately $1.0 million recognized in the first quarter of 2023 due to the elimination of 33 job roles as a result of several areas of consolidation in connection with restructuring HealthStream’s business under a single platform strategy. Operating income was also adversely impacted by an increase in contract labor, higher travel expenses, and higher software costs, partially offset by an increase in capitalized labor associated with software development activities.

Net income was $2.6 million in the first quarter of 2023, down nine percent from $2.9 million in the first quarter of 2022, and EPS was $0.09 per share (diluted) in both the first quarters of 2023 and 2022. The decline in net income was driven by the $0.8 million, or $0.03 per share (diluted), of severance charges recognized in the first quarter of 2023 related to the restructuring discussed above.

Adjusted EBITDA was $13.7 million for the first quarter of 2023, down two percent from $14.0 million in the first quarter of 2022. Adjusted EBITDA was also impacted by the $1.0 million of severance charges discussed above.

At March 31, 2023, the Company had cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities of $58.7 million. Capital expenditures incurred during the first quarter of 2023 were $6.8 million.

Other Business Updates

As of March 31, 2023, we had approximately 5.52 million contracted subscriptions to hStream, our Platform-as-a-Service technology platform, which characterizes our single platform approach. By establishing interoperability, the hStream platform enables healthcare organizations and their respective workforces to easily connect to and gain value from the growing HealthStream ecosystem of applications, tools, and content.

On March 14, 2022, the Company’s Board of Directors (“Board”) approved an expansion of our share repurchase program by authorizing the repurchase of up to an additional $10.0 million of outstanding shares of common stock. Pursuant to this authorization, the Company repurchased shares valued at $8.1 million, with none repurchased during the three months ended March 31, 2023. The program expired on March 13, 2023.

On February 20, 2023, the Board approved a dividend policy under which we intend to pay a quarterly cash dividend on our common stock, at an initial rate of $0.025 per share per fiscal quarter. Under the new dividend policy, the Board declared the first quarterly dividend of $0.025 per share, which will be payable on April 28, 2023 to holders of record on April 17, 2023.

On April 24, 2023, the Board approved the Company’s second quarterly cash dividend of $0.025 per share, payable on June 23, 2023 to holders of record on June 12, 2023. Further, the Company intends to declare and pay two more quarterly cash dividends in 2023.

As previously disclosed, our efforts to streamline the Company around a single technology platform and consolidated enterprise approach reached an inflection point in January 2023, such that the Company no longer has two reportable segments, and is presenting its financial results on a single segment basis beginning with the presentation of financial information for the three months ended March 31, 2023, as disclosed herein.

Financial Outlook for 2023

The Company reaffirms its guidance for 2023 for the measures set forth below as previously announced on February 20, 2023. For a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure defined later in this release, to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) for 2023, see the table included on page nine of this release.

 

Full-Year 2023 Guidance

 

 

Low

 

 

 

 

High

 

 

Revenue

 

$

277.5

 

 

 

$

283.0

 

million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA1

 

$

57.5

 

 

 

$

60.5

 

million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital Expenditures

 

$

27.0

 

 

 

$

29.0

 

million

 

1 Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) is included later in this release.

The Company’s financial guidance for 2023 set forth above assumes that public health conditions associated with COVID-19 and current economic conditions, including in relation to ongoing inflationary and recessionary pressures, do not deteriorate during the remainder of 2023, particularly with regard to how such conditions impact healthcare organizations. The guidance does not include the impact of any future acquisitions that we may complete during 2023.

Commenting on first quarter 2023 results, Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer, HealthStream, said, “We were pleased to achieve record quarterly revenues and a strong quarter overall, with subscription revenues increasing six percent over the first quarter of 2022. As announced in February, we restructured our operations to support a single platform strategy, which resulted in consolidation and a $1.0 million severance expense. These updates have elevated our operations to excel as a single-platform company going forward. As we kick off 2023, we are executing well, and I believe our data-driven, interoperable products are powering the future of workforce development, credentialing, and scheduling in the nation’s healthcare organizations.”

A conference call with Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer, Scott A. Roberts, Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President, and Mollie Condra, Vice President of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications, will be held on Tuesday, April 25, 2023, at 9:00 a.m. (ET). Participants may access the conference call live via webcast using this link: https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/45zpwz48. To participate via telephone, please register in advance using this link: https://register.vevent.com/register/BI4913b7ba6b2a466090a6ef3a61ed28e9. A replay of the conference call and webcast will be archived on the Company’s website in the Investor Relations section under “Events & Presentations.”

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release presents adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure used by management in analyzing the Company’s financial results and ongoing operational performance. In order to better assess the Company’s financial results, management believes that net income excluding the impact of the deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses (as discussed in greater detail below) and before interest, income taxes, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, and changes in fair value of, including gains (losses) on the sale of, non-marketable equity investments (“adjusted EBITDA”) is a useful measure for evaluating the operating performance of the Company because adjusted EBITDA reflects net income adjusted for certain GAAP accounting, non-cash and/or non-operating items which may not, in any such case, fully reflect the underlying operating performance of our business. We also believe that adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors to assess the Company’s ongoing operating performance and to compare the Company’s operating performance between periods. In addition, short-term cash incentive bonuses and certain performance-based equity awards are based on the achievement of adjusted EBITDA (as defined in applicable bonus and equity grant documentation) targets.

As noted above, the definition of adjusted EBITDA includes an adjustment for the impact of the deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses. Prior to the Company early adopting ASU 2021-08 effective January 1, 2022, following the completion of any acquisition by the Company, the Company was required to record the acquired deferred revenue at fair value as defined in GAAP, which typically resulted in a write-down of the acquired deferred revenue. When the Company was required to record a write-down of deferred revenue, it resulted in lower recognized revenue, operating income, and net income in subsequent periods. Revenue for any such acquired business was deferred and was typically recognized over a one-to-two-year period following the completion of any particular acquisition, so our GAAP revenues for this one-to-two-year period would not reflect the full amount of revenues that would have been reported if the acquired deferred revenue was not written down to fair value. Management believes that including an adjustment in the definition of adjusted EBITDA for the impact of the deferred write-downs associated with fair value accounting for businesses acquired prior to the January 1, 2022 effective date of the Company’s adoption of ASU 2021-08 provides useful information to investors because the deferred revenue write-down recognized in periods after an acquisition may, given the nature of this non-cash accounting impact, cause our GAAP financial results during such periods to not fully reflect our underlying operating performance and thus adjusting for this amount may assist in comparing the Company’s results of operations between periods. Following the adoption of ASU 2021-08, contracts acquired in an acquisition completed on or after January 1, 2022 are measured as if the Company had originated the contract (rather than the contract being measured at fair value) such that, for such acquisitions, the Company no longer records deferred revenue write-downs associated with acquired businesses (for acquisitions completed prior to January 1, 2022, the Company continues to record deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for periods on and after January 1, 2022 consistent with past practice). At the current time, the Company intends to continue to include an adjustment in the definition of adjusted EBITDA for the impact of deferred revenue write-downs from business acquired prior to January 1, 2022 given the ongoing impact of such deferred revenue on our financial results.

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and should not be considered as a measure of financial performance under GAAP. Because adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement determined in accordance with GAAP, adjusted EBITDA is susceptible to varying calculations. Accordingly, adjusted EBITDA, as presented, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and has limitations as an analytical tool.

This non-GAAP financial measure should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance, which are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income (the most comparable GAAP measure), which is set forth below in this release.

About HealthStream

HealthStream (Nasdaq: HSTM) is the healthcare industry’s largest ecosystem of platform-delivered workforce solutions that empowers healthcare professionals to do what they do best: deliver excellence in patient care. For more information about HealthStream, visit www.healthstream.com or call 800-521-0574.

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2023

 

 

March 31, 2022

 

Revenues, net

 

$

68,946

 

 

$

65,367

 

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

 

23,856

 

 

 

21,998

 

Product development

 

 

11,680

 

 

 

10,412

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

11,728

 

 

 

10,417

 

Other general and administrative expenses

 

 

8,865

 

 

 

9,183

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

9,926

 

 

 

9,322

 

Total operating costs and expenses

 

 

66,055

 

 

 

61,332

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

2,891

 

 

 

4,035

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (loss), net

 

 

250

 

 

 

(276

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income tax provision

 

 

3,141

 

 

 

3,759

 

Income tax provision

 

 

518

 

 

 

866

 

Net income

 

$

2,623

 

 

$

2,893

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.09

 

 

$

0.09

 

Diluted

 

$

0.09

 

 

$

0.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

30,591

 

 

 

30,955

 

Diluted

 

 

30,659

 

 

 

30,976

 

Dividends declared per share

 

$

0.025

 

 

$

 

 

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

48,836

 

 

$

46,023

 

Marketable securities

 

 

9,818

 

 

 

7,885

 

Accounts and unbilled receivables, net

 

 

47,288

 

 

 

42,710

 

Prepaid and other current assets

 

 

19,166

 

 

 

17,759

 

Total current assets

 

 

125,108

 

 

 

114,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capitalized software development, net

 

 

38,460

 

 

 

37,118

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

14,689

 

 

 

15,483

 

Operating lease right of use assets, net

 

 

22,136

 

 

 

22,759

 

Goodwill and intangible assets, net

 

 

270,208

 

 

 

273,951

 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

383

 

 

 

383

 

Deferred commissions

 

 

27,122

 

 

 

28,344

 

Other assets

 

 

5,053

 

 

 

5,326

 

Total assets

 

$

503,159

 

 

$

497,741

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

 

$

26,655

 

 

$

37,744

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

94,349

 

 

 

79,469

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

121,004

 

 

 

117,213

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

18,787

 

 

 

17,996

 

Deferred revenue, noncurrent

 

 

2,562

 

 

 

2,937

 

Operating lease liability, noncurrent

 

 

22,572

 

 

 

23,321

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

2,195

 

 

 

2,210

 

Total liabilities

 

 

167,120

 

 

 

163,677

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

254,986

 

 

 

254,832

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(1,016

)

 

 

(981

)

Retained earnings

 

 

82,069

 

 

 

80,213

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

336,039

 

 

 

334,064

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

503,159

 

 

$

497,741

 

 

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

2,623

 

 

$

2,893

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

9,926

 

 

 

9,322

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

945

 

 

 

774

 

Amortization of deferred commissions

 

 

2,712

 

 

 

2,484

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

800

 

 

 

684

 

Provision for credit losses

 

 

209

 

 

 

6

 

Loss on equity method investments

 

 

127

 

 

 

276

 

Other

 

 

(85

)

 

 

26

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts and unbilled receivables

 

 

(4,787

)

 

 

(5,874

)

Prepaid and other assets

 

 

(2,750

)

 

 

(3,616

)

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

 

 

(3,683

)

 

 

(1,776

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

14,504

 

 

 

15,456

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

20,541

 

 

 

20,655

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business combinations, net of cash acquired

 

 

(6,621

)

 

 

(22

)

Changes in marketable securities

 

 

(1,850

)

 

 

3,001

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(879

)

 

 

(636

)

Payments associated with capitalized software development

 

 

(7,566

)

 

 

(6,305

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(16,916

)

 

 

(3,962

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxes paid related to net settlement of equity awards

 

 

(791

)

 

 

(497

)

Repurchases of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(19,726

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(791

)

 

 

(20,223

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(21

)

 

 

(5

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

2,813

 

 

 

(3,535

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

46,023

 

 

 

46,905

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

48,836

 

 

$

43,370

 

 

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures(1)

Operating Results Summary

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

GAAP net income

 

$

2,623

 

 

$

2,893

 

Deferred revenue write-down

 

 

50

 

 

 

94

 

Interest income

 

 

(363

)

 

 

(15

)

Interest expense

 

 

33

 

 

 

32

 

Income tax provision

 

 

518

 

 

 

866

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

945

 

 

 

774

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

9,926

 

 

 

9,322

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

13,732

 

 

$

13,966

 

 

(1) This press release presents adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure used by management in analyzing its financial results and ongoing operational performance.

 

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Financial Outlook for 2023

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

Low

 

 

High

 

Net income

 

$

9,800

 

 

$

11,500

 

Deferred revenue write-down

 

 

100

 

 

 

100

 

Interest income

 

 

(1,000)

 

 

 

(1,300)

 

Interest expense

 

 

100

 

 

 

100

 

Income tax provision

 

 

3,400

 

 

 

4,000

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

3,900

 

 

 

4,500

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

41,200

 

 

 

41,600

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

57,500

 

 

$

60,500

 

This press release includes certain forward-looking statements (statements other than solely with respect to historical fact), including statements regarding expectations for financial performance for 2023 as well as the anticipated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and current economic conditions, such as inflationary and recessionary pressures, on our financial results, and expectations regarding our quarterly dividend policy, that involve risks and uncertainties regarding HealthStream. These statements are based upon management’s beliefs, as well as assumptions made by and data currently available to management. This information has been, or in the future may be, included in reliance on the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The Company cautions that forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, resulting from public health conditions associated with COVID-19 and current economic conditions, including with respect to inflationary and recessionary pressures, particularly with regard to how such conditions may impact healthcare organizations, as well as from the potential impact of financial market instability and/or disruptions to the banking system due to bank failures and related developments; business and financial factors, legal requirements and contractual restrictions which may affect continuation of our quarterly cash dividend policy, which may be modified, suspended, or canceled in any manner and at any time that our Board may deem necessary or appropriate, as well as risks referenced in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, filed on February 28, 2023, and in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. Consequently, such forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation or warranty or statement by the Company that such projections will be realized. Many of the factors that will determine the Company’s future results are beyond the ability of the Company to control or predict. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s views only as of the date hereof. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any such forward-looking statements.

Contacts

Scott A. Roberts

Chief Financial Officer

(615) 301-3182

[email protected]

Media:
Mollie Condra, Ph.D.

Vice President,

Investor Relations &

Communications

(615) 301-3237

[email protected]

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